It was found that only 2. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Leclerc-Madlala reported in a study in South Africa that those who fail virginity tests are often expected to pay a fine for tainting the community [ 4 ]. Women and girls in Afghan jails are frequently subjected to forced virginity tests, advocates from Afghanistan's human rights commission said Tuesday, calling for an end to a discredited practice that is both invasive and degrading.
Sexual and reproductive health
Lastly, virginity exams were reported to have an adverse social impact including social exclusion, perceived dishonor brought to family and community, employment discrimination, humiliation, and increased risk of sexual assault [ 4 , 6 , 35 ]. Many researchers state that a broken hymen is not a reliable indicator that a female has been vaginally penetrated because the tearing of the hymen may have been the result of some other event.